Six types of Tea & their health benefits

Tea or 'Chai' as we love to call it, is not just a beverage but a morning kick-starter for millions around the world. A cup of tea a day keeps one running  for the day. Besides all its other goodness, our beloved chai is also  imbibed with amazing health benefits. Teas are potent enough to keep you safe and sound against zillion of diseases. Although all types of tea are prepared from the leaves of a common plant, Camellia sinensis, the difference in processing techniques imbibe in them idiosyncratic properties to each type. 

Lets explore what type of tea fits your health needs the most....

1.     White Tea

White tea is the most delicate tea varieties because it is minimally processed. It harvested before the tea leaves open fully, when the young buds are still covered by fine white hairs, hence the name “white” tea. Tender leaves are processed before any oxidation can take place.

Health Benefits of white tea include reduced risk of cancer, cardiovascular disorder and diabetes. It has antioxidant and anti-aging properties ensuring the drinker a youthful, shinny skin.

Popular White Tea brands available in India include Golden Tips White Exoctica, Twinings, Lipton.

2.     Yellow Tea

Yellow tea takes its name from its straw colored liquor. The production process is similar to green tea, but with a unique additional step called “sealing yellow” wherein the leaves are steamed under a damp cloth after oxidation, leaving the leaves slightly yellow. This process also imparts a mellower and less grassy taste than is found in green teas

While the health benefits of yellow tea have not been extensively studied, it is believed to be a potent herb for preventing cancer & liver damage and lowering cholesterol.

Yellow tea is popular among those who want the health benefits of green tea but dislike its “grassy” taste.

Production of Yellow tea in Asia is rare and is thus available in India only under limited brands including Rishi Yellow Tea and Golden Dragon.

3.     Oolong Tea

Oolong Tea, also called as Wu-Long tea or brown tea or red Tea in China is a semi fermented tea with fermentation levels varying from 8 – 70 %.

A steaming hot cup of oolong tea aids reduction of chronic health conditions such as heart disease, inflammatory disorders,  and high cholesterol levels, while providing vital antioxidants, promoting superior bone structure, robust skin and good dental.
An extremely powerful fat burner, oolong tea also contains niacin, which helps detoxify the body

True Elements, Twinings, TeaTrunk, Whittakers, Mann are some of the celebrated Oolong tea brands in Indian markets.

4.     Green Tea

Green tea is made from Camellia sinensis leaves that have not undergone the same withering and oxidation applied while preparing oolong tea and black tea. Green tea originated in China, but its production has spread to many countries in Asia.

Assumed to be a superfood by many, it is loaded with antioxidants and nutrients that have powerful effects on the body. This includes improved brain function, fat loss, a lower risk of cancer among others.

Lipton, Gaia, Tetley, Twinings, Taj Mahal are popular green tea brands.

5.     Black Tea

Black tea is one of the most highly caffeinated varieties of tea, with about 40 milligrams of caffeine per cup. It is far more oxidized than oolong, green and white teas and hence is stronger in flavor.

Black tea contains arubigins and aflavins, antioxidants that have been linked to lower cholesterol levels. Drinking three or more cups of black tea a day can cut your risk of stroke by 21 percent.

Tata tea, Wagh Bakri, Red Label, Taj Mahal, Lipton are serving the Indian taste for black tea.

6.     Post Fermented teas

Post-fermented teas are a class of teas that have undergone a period of "aging" in open air, from several months to many years. The exposure of the tea to microflora, humidity and oxygen in the air causes it to undergo further oxidation and alters its smell  and properties. The best known of the post-fermented tea class is Pu-erh tea.

Pu-erh tea is considered to be beneficial to ‘blood cleansing’ and digestion. By removing acid and other radical elements in our food build up in our body over time.

Numi, Yunnan, Uncle Lee are some exclusive tea brand serving Indian markets with Pu-erh tea.

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